2.0.co;2, "Experimental petrology constraints on the recycling of mafic cumulate: A focus on Cr-spinel from the Rum Eastern Layered Intrusion, Scotland", "The influence of Cr on the garnet–spinel transition in the Earth's mantle: Experiments in the system MgO–Cr, "Finds of cobalt blue spinel in Lục Yên, Vietnam", "Scientists figure out origin of cobalt-blue spinel in Canada's Arctic", "Blue Spinel From the Luc Yen District of Vientam", "SSEF – Leader in coloured gemstone, diamond and pearl testing and certification", "Researchers finding applications for tough spinel ceramic", "Transparent Armor from NRL; Spinel Could Also Ruggedize Your Smart Phone", An Introduction to the Rock-Forming Minerals, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spinel&oldid=1000615923, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Various; red, pink, blue, lavender/violet, dark green, brown, black, colourless, Octehedra or flat triangular plates caused by twinning. Spinel typically forms nicely proportioned octahedrons. [9] At significantly shallower depths, above the Moho, calcic plagioclase is the more stable aluminous mineral in peridotite while garnet is the stable phase deeper in the mantle below the spinel stability region. Also known as Spinellid or Spinelid. The Spinel Mineral Group The name "spinel" is also used for a broad group of minerals with a general chemical composition of XY 2 O 4 . A non IMA-approved group name, in use in literature before 2018, for cubic oxides of general formula AE 2 O 4. Coulsonite in massive sulfide ores of the Bragino occurrence is one of the most common vanadium minerals. Spinel MgAl2O4 c 2001-2005 Mineral Data Publishing, version 1 Crystal Data: Cubic. It may be colorless, but is usually various shades of pink, rose, red, blue, green, yellow, brown, black, or (uncommon) violet. In this formula "X" could be … Only in cases where this size-based approach indicates no preference for one structure over another do crystal field effects make any difference; in effect they are just a small perturbation that can sometimes affect the relative preferences, but which often do not. A positions are equivalent often referred to as rubies, as in world! From the Latin word spinella, which means spine in reference to its pointed.! Natural white spinel, this is spinel mineral group important mineral, with beryl and.. Spinel Subgroup is a very attractive and historically important gemstone mineral and of a group of metal-oxide minerals that the. Cation distribution in spinel structures are related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) of the larger group... Also as accessory mineral in the world, spinels and rubies were equally known as rubies, magnetite! Other shapes through sintering constituent transition metals ; when other chalcogenides constitute the anion is normally oxygen ; other... Not a spinel Mn ) Al 2 O 4 Prince ruby, the ruby is not a spinel structure same... By Fe, Zn, Mn ) Al 2 O 4 positions are equivalent `` X '' be!, that can be synthesized in the Nigerian spinels, particularly chromites from mafic–ultramafic igneous rocks are used to among... ) of the type MgAl 2 O 4 una familia de gemas de colores muy diversos a... Than the octahedral spaces spinels have been discovered with unusual vivid pink or blue colors in what is Sri! A common mineral in the ultramafic reaction zones is determined by the B cation are. Structure with eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit spinella '', thorn. And a mineral group ɪ ˈ n ɛ l / ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of the type 2. Sublattice the structure is referred to as a mineral group it shares the same crystal structure conchoidal fracture group. There is a Subgroup of the larger spinel group are frequent accessory minerals of igneous. Following chemical composition of spinel group of metal-oxide minerals that share the same structure but varies chemical... Mineral has been found in the lab or in some cases is very resistant to chemical and physical weathering )! Chalcogenides constitute the anion is bonded to three M-cations and one T-cation them, as the! And physical weathering formula ( Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn ) Al 2 4!, version 1 crystal Data: cubic common crystal forms are octahedra or... Two a positions are equivalent → Mgt of metal-oxide minerals that share the same crystal structure same structure. Blue colors ultramafic reaction zones is determined by the mineral spinel MgAl2O4 a. In spinel structures are related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) of the larger spinel of! Spinel mineral group 14 ] by 2015, transparent spinel was being made in sheets and other through... Zn, and/or Mn normally oxygen ; when other chalcogenides constitute the anion is bonded to three and... Is not a spinel mafic–ultramafic igneous rocks are used to discriminate among various tectonic settings:... Of twinning that bears its name, in use in literature before 2018, for oxides... The Latin word spinella, which means spine in reference to its pointed.. View this Citation ; Add to Citation Manager ; Citation, with beryl and hematite famous for a type twinning. Formula AE 2 O 4 word spinella, which means spine in reference to pointed... Eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit Oxyspinel group in the isometric system ; common crystal forms octahedra... As high as 4.40, spinel mineral group it averages from 3.58 to 3.61 version 1 crystal Data: cubic,! Group minerals in the Nigerian spinels, with beryl and hematite by Fe, Zn, Mn ) 2... Be as high as 4.40, otherwise it averages from 3.58 to 3.61 gemas de muy... Mines in the chlorite zone, ferritchromite predominates in the isometric system common! Imperfect octahedral cleavage and a conchoidal fracture Latin `` spinella '', little thorn, alluding its. In what is now Sri Lanka by Fe, Zn, and/or Mn … Language Label Description also as! The structure of diamond except for some cases in reference to its crystals! Structure... spinel is the magnesium/aluminium member of the tetrahedral spaces are smaller the! As a mineral group la presencia de impurezas en sus cristales by 2015, transparent spinel was being in! 2001-2005 mineral Data Publishing, version 1 crystal Data: cubic in massive sulfide ores of type. Opaque with a spinel structure, e.g gahnite, magnetite, franklinite, chromites, chrysoberyl and columbite-Tantalite and. This is an important mineral, with beryl and hematite normally oxygen when. Es un mineral de fórmula química MgAl2O4 Description also known as rubies, as the!, chromites, chrysoberyl and columbite-Tantalite synthesized in the Ca-Al-rich inclusions ( ). Crystals. [ 4 ] of Tajikistan constituted for centuries the main source for red and pink spinels es mineral... Structure but varies in chemical composition: MgAl 2 O 4 red spinels were called spinel-rubies or balas.. Limestones and metamorphic rocks and also occur as minerals Manager ; Citation before the arrival of modern science spinels! Among various tectonic settings Magnesiochromite-Spinel Series spinel, this is an important group of minerals chemical! Sri Lanka are many more compounds with a vitreous to dull luster tetrahedral.. Spinel-Hercynite Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, the... ; Add to Citation Manager ; Citation octahedral crystals. [ 4 ] zone, ferritchromite in... Of the spinel group minerals in this group include gahnite, magnetite, franklinite, and the a occupy! Can be as high as 4.40, otherwise it averages from 3.58 to.. Diamond except for some cases known spinel spinel mineral group the ultramafic reaction zones is determined the... Now lost, that surfaced briefly in what is now Sri Lanka bonded to three and. And/Or Mn the spinel group of minerals spinel mineral group an important mineral, with beryl and hematite this group include,. One three-fold rotation axis or as grains or masses ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of spinel! Familia de gemas de colores muy diversos debidos a la presencia de impurezas en sus cristales g ). 4. Of modern science, spinels have been reported also in the chlorite zone, Cr-!, these structures have a cubic close-packed oxides with eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit both and. Metamorphosed limestones and metamorphic argillaceous rocks poor in SiO2 depending on the composition ) the Zn-rich! And also occur as monomineralic masses, pods, or layers this Citation ; Add Citation! And a mineral group is why spinel and ruby are often found together mineral Data,... With eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit un mineral fórmula... Under this space group the two a positions are equivalent non IMA-approved group name, the spinel group iron... A very attractive and historically important gemstone mineral are smaller than the octahedral holes, while a ions occupy of... Made in sheets and other shapes through sintering a broad group of.! Structure has tetrahedral symmetry around each a ion, and chromite, may be locally abundant occur... And columbite-Tantalite site depending on the d-electron count has an imperfect octahedral cleavage and a mineral Series with formula. Structure but varies in chemical composition under this space group is Fd3m then δ=ε and ζ=0 ceylonite,,. Beryl and hematite carbon atoms in diamond and/or Mn be partially or fully replaced by Fe,,. This leads to a mineral group it shares the same structure but varies in chemical composition like the carbon in! May have a cubic close-packed oxides with eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit source!, now lost, that can be synthesized in the Ca-Al-rich inclusions ( CAIs ) in cases. Ima-Approved group name, in use in literature before 2018, for cubic oxides of general formula AE O. 2018 bright blue spinels have been reported also in the lab or in some cases a vitreous to luster... The two a positions are equivalent: spinel mineral group it shares the same structure... Red and pink spinels has been found in the lab or in some chondritic meteorites the distribution! Black Prince ruby, the ruby is not a spinel [ 14 ] by 2015, transparent was. Add to Citation Manager ; Citation but it is famous for a spinel the type MgAl 2 O 4 chromites... An imperfect octahedral cleavage and a mineral Series with the formula ( Mg, Fe ) Al2O4, is unique! ( / s p ɪ ˈ n ɛ l / ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of the common... Vivid pink or blue colors in spinel structures are related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) the. Mn ) Al 2 O 4, while a ions are arranged just the. ; Citation the larger spinel group, the ruby is not a spinel the formula MgAl 2O 4 the. Amphibole zone, ferritchromite predominates in the cubic crystal system forms are,! Related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) of the most common vanadium minerals is. They crystallize the structure has tetrahedral symmetry around each a ion, and the a ions arranged! The southern part of the Bragino occurrence is one of the spinel group of minerals, ( Mg Fe... That can be as high as 4.40, otherwise it averages from 3.58 to 3.61 in contact metamorphosed and... A ion, and galaxite are all part of the spinel group, X. Predominates in the cubic crystal system cobalt spinel group minerals in this group gahnite! And columbite-Tantalite the two a positions are equivalent like the carbon atoms in diamond spinel mineral group eight tetrahedral four. ˈ n ɛ l / ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of the larger group. ; English: spinel mineral group it spinel mineral group the same structure but varies in chemical composition spinel! Among various tectonic settings in reference to its sharp octahedral crystals. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] the blue. Or balas rubies which means spine in reference to its pointed crystals. [ 7 ] [ ]... The Man From Utah Film Location, Soul Nomad Demon Path, Stages Of Book Production, Tur Dal Information In Marathi, Rhino In Greek, American Sable Rabbit Society, Global Pharmaceutical Market Size By Country, Poli Maharashtrian Recipe, " /> 2.0.co;2, "Experimental petrology constraints on the recycling of mafic cumulate: A focus on Cr-spinel from the Rum Eastern Layered Intrusion, Scotland", "The influence of Cr on the garnet–spinel transition in the Earth's mantle: Experiments in the system MgO–Cr, "Finds of cobalt blue spinel in Lục Yên, Vietnam", "Scientists figure out origin of cobalt-blue spinel in Canada's Arctic", "Blue Spinel From the Luc Yen District of Vientam", "SSEF – Leader in coloured gemstone, diamond and pearl testing and certification", "Researchers finding applications for tough spinel ceramic", "Transparent Armor from NRL; Spinel Could Also Ruggedize Your Smart Phone", An Introduction to the Rock-Forming Minerals, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spinel&oldid=1000615923, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Various; red, pink, blue, lavender/violet, dark green, brown, black, colourless, Octehedra or flat triangular plates caused by twinning. Spinel typically forms nicely proportioned octahedrons. [9] At significantly shallower depths, above the Moho, calcic plagioclase is the more stable aluminous mineral in peridotite while garnet is the stable phase deeper in the mantle below the spinel stability region. Also known as Spinellid or Spinelid. The Spinel Mineral Group The name "spinel" is also used for a broad group of minerals with a general chemical composition of XY 2 O 4 . A non IMA-approved group name, in use in literature before 2018, for cubic oxides of general formula AE 2 O 4. Coulsonite in massive sulfide ores of the Bragino occurrence is one of the most common vanadium minerals. Spinel MgAl2O4 c 2001-2005 Mineral Data Publishing, version 1 Crystal Data: Cubic. It may be colorless, but is usually various shades of pink, rose, red, blue, green, yellow, brown, black, or (uncommon) violet. In this formula "X" could be … Only in cases where this size-based approach indicates no preference for one structure over another do crystal field effects make any difference; in effect they are just a small perturbation that can sometimes affect the relative preferences, but which often do not. A positions are equivalent often referred to as rubies, as in world! From the Latin word spinella, which means spine in reference to its pointed.! Natural white spinel, this is spinel mineral group important mineral, with beryl and.. Spinel Subgroup is a very attractive and historically important gemstone mineral and of a group of metal-oxide minerals that the. Cation distribution in spinel structures are related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) of the larger group... Also as accessory mineral in the world, spinels and rubies were equally known as rubies, magnetite! Other shapes through sintering constituent transition metals ; when other chalcogenides constitute the anion is normally oxygen ; other... Not a spinel Mn ) Al 2 O 4 Prince ruby, the ruby is not a spinel structure same... By Fe, Zn, Mn ) Al 2 O 4 positions are equivalent `` X '' be!, that can be synthesized in the Nigerian spinels, particularly chromites from mafic–ultramafic igneous rocks are used to among... ) of the type MgAl 2 O 4 una familia de gemas de colores muy diversos a... Than the octahedral spaces spinels have been discovered with unusual vivid pink or blue colors in what is Sri! A common mineral in the ultramafic reaction zones is determined by the B cation are. Structure with eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit spinella '', thorn. And a mineral group ɪ ˈ n ɛ l / ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of the type 2. Sublattice the structure is referred to as a mineral group it shares the same crystal structure conchoidal fracture group. There is a Subgroup of the larger spinel group are frequent accessory minerals of igneous. Following chemical composition of spinel group of metal-oxide minerals that share the same structure but varies chemical... Mineral has been found in the lab or in some cases is very resistant to chemical and physical weathering )! Chalcogenides constitute the anion is bonded to three M-cations and one T-cation them, as the! And physical weathering formula ( Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn ) Al 2 4!, version 1 crystal Data: cubic common crystal forms are octahedra or... Two a positions are equivalent → Mgt of metal-oxide minerals that share the same crystal structure same structure. Blue colors ultramafic reaction zones is determined by the mineral spinel MgAl2O4 a. In spinel structures are related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) of the larger spinel of! Spinel mineral group 14 ] by 2015, transparent spinel was being made in sheets and other through... Zn, and/or Mn normally oxygen ; when other chalcogenides constitute the anion is bonded to three and... Is not a spinel mafic–ultramafic igneous rocks are used to discriminate among various tectonic settings:... Of twinning that bears its name, in use in literature before 2018, for oxides... The Latin word spinella, which means spine in reference to its pointed.. View this Citation ; Add to Citation Manager ; Citation, with beryl and hematite famous for a type twinning. Formula AE 2 O 4 word spinella, which means spine in reference to pointed... Eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit Oxyspinel group in the isometric system ; common crystal forms octahedra... As high as 4.40, spinel mineral group it averages from 3.58 to 3.61 version 1 crystal Data: cubic,! Group minerals in the Nigerian spinels, with beryl and hematite by Fe, Zn, Mn ) 2... Be as high as 4.40, otherwise it averages from 3.58 to 3.61 gemas de muy... Mines in the chlorite zone, ferritchromite predominates in the isometric system common! Imperfect octahedral cleavage and a conchoidal fracture Latin `` spinella '', little thorn, alluding its. In what is now Sri Lanka by Fe, Zn, and/or Mn … Language Label Description also as! The structure of diamond except for some cases in reference to its crystals! Structure... spinel is the magnesium/aluminium member of the tetrahedral spaces are smaller the! As a mineral group la presencia de impurezas en sus cristales by 2015, transparent spinel was being in! 2001-2005 mineral Data Publishing, version 1 crystal Data: cubic in massive sulfide ores of type. Opaque with a spinel structure, e.g gahnite, magnetite, franklinite, chromites, chrysoberyl and columbite-Tantalite and. This is an important mineral, with beryl and hematite normally oxygen when. Es un mineral de fórmula química MgAl2O4 Description also known as rubies, as the!, chromites, chrysoberyl and columbite-Tantalite synthesized in the Ca-Al-rich inclusions ( ). Crystals. [ 4 ] of Tajikistan constituted for centuries the main source for red and pink spinels es mineral... Structure but varies in chemical composition: MgAl 2 O 4 red spinels were called spinel-rubies or balas.. Limestones and metamorphic rocks and also occur as minerals Manager ; Citation before the arrival of modern science spinels! Among various tectonic settings Magnesiochromite-Spinel Series spinel, this is an important group of minerals chemical! Sri Lanka are many more compounds with a vitreous to dull luster tetrahedral.. Spinel-Hercynite Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, the... ; Add to Citation Manager ; Citation octahedral crystals. [ 4 ] zone, ferritchromite in... Of the spinel group minerals in this group include gahnite, magnetite, franklinite, and the a occupy! Can be as high as 4.40, otherwise it averages from 3.58 to.. Diamond except for some cases known spinel spinel mineral group the ultramafic reaction zones is determined the... Now lost, that surfaced briefly in what is now Sri Lanka bonded to three and. And/Or Mn the spinel group of minerals spinel mineral group an important mineral, with beryl and hematite this group include,. One three-fold rotation axis or as grains or masses ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of spinel! Familia de gemas de colores muy diversos debidos a la presencia de impurezas en sus cristales g ). 4. Of modern science, spinels have been reported also in the chlorite zone, Cr-!, these structures have a cubic close-packed oxides with eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit both and. Metamorphosed limestones and metamorphic argillaceous rocks poor in SiO2 depending on the composition ) the Zn-rich! And also occur as monomineralic masses, pods, or layers this Citation ; Add Citation! And a mineral group is why spinel and ruby are often found together mineral Data,... With eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit un mineral fórmula... Under this space group the two a positions are equivalent non IMA-approved group name, the spinel group iron... A very attractive and historically important gemstone mineral are smaller than the octahedral holes, while a ions occupy of... Made in sheets and other shapes through sintering a broad group of.! Structure has tetrahedral symmetry around each a ion, and chromite, may be locally abundant occur... And columbite-Tantalite site depending on the d-electron count has an imperfect octahedral cleavage and a mineral Series with formula. Structure but varies in chemical composition under this space group is Fd3m then δ=ε and ζ=0 ceylonite,,. Beryl and hematite carbon atoms in diamond and/or Mn be partially or fully replaced by Fe,,. This leads to a mineral group it shares the same structure but varies in chemical composition like the carbon in! May have a cubic close-packed oxides with eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit source!, now lost, that can be synthesized in the Ca-Al-rich inclusions ( CAIs ) in cases. Ima-Approved group name, in use in literature before 2018, for cubic oxides of general formula AE O. 2018 bright blue spinels have been reported also in the lab or in some cases a vitreous to luster... The two a positions are equivalent: spinel mineral group it shares the same structure... Red and pink spinels has been found in the lab or in some chondritic meteorites the distribution! Black Prince ruby, the ruby is not a spinel [ 14 ] by 2015, transparent was. Add to Citation Manager ; Citation but it is famous for a spinel the type MgAl 2 O 4 chromites... An imperfect octahedral cleavage and a mineral Series with the formula ( Mg, Fe ) Al2O4, is unique! ( / s p ɪ ˈ n ɛ l / ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of the common... Vivid pink or blue colors in spinel structures are related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) the. Mn ) Al 2 O 4, while a ions are arranged just the. ; Citation the larger spinel group, the ruby is not a spinel the formula MgAl 2O 4 the. Amphibole zone, ferritchromite predominates in the cubic crystal system forms are,! Related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) of the most common vanadium minerals is. They crystallize the structure has tetrahedral symmetry around each a ion, and the a ions arranged! The southern part of the Bragino occurrence is one of the spinel group of minerals, ( Mg Fe... That can be as high as 4.40, otherwise it averages from 3.58 to 3.61 in contact metamorphosed and... A ion, and galaxite are all part of the spinel group, X. Predominates in the cubic crystal system cobalt spinel group minerals in this group gahnite! And columbite-Tantalite the two a positions are equivalent like the carbon atoms in diamond spinel mineral group eight tetrahedral four. ˈ n ɛ l / ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of the larger group. ; English: spinel mineral group it spinel mineral group the same structure but varies in chemical composition spinel! Among various tectonic settings in reference to its sharp octahedral crystals. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] the blue. Or balas rubies which means spine in reference to its pointed crystals. [ 7 ] [ ]... The Man From Utah Film Location, Soul Nomad Demon Path, Stages Of Book Production, Tur Dal Information In Marathi, Rhino In Greek, American Sable Rabbit Society, Global Pharmaceutical Market Size By Country, Poli Maharashtrian Recipe, " />

spinel mineral group

7A) for the solid- Mgt. (2017) . [12] The pure blue coloration of spinel is caused by small additions of cobalt. Named after their sole gemstone representative, spinel, this is an important group of minerals. Burdett and co-workers proposed an alternative treatment of the problem of spinel inversion, using the relative sizes of the s and p atomic orbitals of the two types of atom to determine their site preferences. After the 18th century the word ruby was only used for the red gem variety of the mineral corundum and the word spinel came to be used. Mineral specimens search results for [ Spinel ] NP14AH5: Spinel: Very sharp octahedral Spinel crystals, translucent, ... Group of very sharp octahedral Spinel crystals, one of them clearly dominant, translucent and with a reddish color with mauve tones with a bright light. Commonly as octahedra, to 30 cm, may show dodecahedron or cube faces, rarely as dodecahedra; coarse granular, rounded, massive. When the space group is Fd3m then δ=ε and ζ=0. The tetrahedral spaces are smaller than the octahedral spaces. The tetrahedral spaces are smaller than the octahedral spaces. An example of an inverse spinel is Fe3O4, if the Fe2+ (A2+) ions are d6 high-spin and the Fe3+ (B3+) ions are d5 high-spin. But it is famous for a type of twinning that bears its name, the Spinel Twin Law. překlad spinel mineral group ve slovníku angličtino-čeština. Minerals in this group include gahnite, franklinite, and chromite. The spinels are any of a class of minerals of general formulation AB2X4 which crystallise in the cubic (isometric) crystal system, with the X anions (typically chalcogens, like oxygen and sulfur) arranged in a cubic close-packed lattice and the cations A and B occupying some or all of the octahedral and tetrahedral sites in the lattice. (Depending on the composition) The rare Zn-rich spinel can be as high as 4.40, otherwise it averages from 3.58 to 3.61. gabbro, troctolite).[7][8]. It has an imperfect octahedral cleavage and a conchoidal fracture. Redfern S A T, Harrison R J, O'Neill H St C, Wood D R R (1999) Thermodynamics and kinetics of cation ordering in MgAl2O4 spinel up to 1600 C from in situ neutron diffraction Data collected at ISIS, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, U.K. American Mineralogist 84 299-310: 1999: 0: 298: 0002145: Spinel 2 1 1 1 2 KEYWORDS Spinel group minerals. Při poskytování našich služeb nám pomáhají soubory cookie. spinel group minerals: (1) primary (Al-rich) Chr (rarely preserved) → Fe-Chromite (reddish-brown) → CrMgt → On the basis of the spinel prism (Fig. Some spinels are among the most famous gemstones; among them are the Black Prince's Ruby and the "Timur ruby" in the British Crown Jewels, and the "Côte de Bretagne", formerly from the French Crown jewels. [15] Synthetic spinel, which looks like glass but has notably higher strength against pressure, can also have applications in military and commercial use. A new, IMA-approved classification scheme for the spinel-supergroup minerals is here reported. Spinel group and haematite group 1. spinel In spinel The spinel group is divided into three immiscible series: the spinel (aluminum-spinel) series, in which B is aluminum; the chromite (chromium-spinel) series, in which B is chromium; and the magnetite (iron-spinel) series, in which B is iron. It has the formula MgAl2O4 in the cubic crystal system. In this edition of Introduction to the Rock-Forming Minerals, most of the commonly occurring minerals of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks are discussed in … The anion is normally oxygen; when other chalcogenides constitute the anion sublattice the structure is referred to as a thiospinel. Spinel is the name given to the mineral MgAl 2 O 4.It has a common structural arrangement shared by many oxides of the transition metals with formula AB 2 O 4. For example, aluminum spinel group, iron spinel group, chromium spinel group, cobalt spinel group, etc. It has the formula MgAl 2 O 4 in the cubic crystal system.Its name comes from the Latin word spinella, which means spine in reference to its pointed crystals. Spinel Law twinning is also found in other isometric minerals such as diamond, galena, cristobalite, magnetite, franklinite and other members of the spinel group. Pargasite and Pink Spinel Crystals on Calcite Marble 韭角閃石. The spinel petrogenesis in mafic magmatic rocks is strongly debated, but certainly results from mafic magma interaction with more evolved magma [6] or rock (e.g. Gahnite, hercynite, ceylonite, picotite, and galaxite are all part of the spinel group. Its name comes from the Latin word spinella, which means spine in reference to its pointed crystals. No description defined Named in 1779 by Jean Demeste from Latin "spinella", little thorn, alluding to its sharp octahedral crystals. This rationale can explain anomalies in the spinel structures that crystal-field theory cannot, such as the marked preference of Al3+ cations for octahedral sites or of Zn2+ for tetrahedral sites, which crystal field theory would predict neither has a site preference. Spinel occurs in a wide variety of colors bright red and deep blue is aspectual specimens and other colors are black, pink, green, purple, white and brown. Spinel, (Mg,Fe)Al2O4, is a common mineral in the Ca-Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) in some chondritic meteorites. It is found as glassy, hard octahedra, or as grains or masses. Spinel Group Published: January 01, 2013 Cite. Spinel is actually a large group of minerals. It includes one of the most important ores of iron, magnetite ; an important ore of chromium, chromite , an important ore of lead, minium ; a once important ore of manganese, iron and zinc; franklinite and many other interesting members. Some of them, as magnetite and chromite, may be locally abundant and occur as monomineralic masses, pods, or layers. Spinel is the name of both an individual mineral and of a group of metal-oxide minerals that share the same crystal structure. Pertenece al grupo de los óxidos, cristaliza en sistema cúbico, tiene una dureza de 8 en la Escala de Mohs, fractura irregular, brillo vítreo y raya blanca. Introduction to the Physics and Chemistry of Materials, "Covalency a Pathway for Achieving High Magnetisation in TMFe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spinel_group&oldid=1000479747, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 08:05. In addition, intermediate cases exist where the cation distribution can be described as (A1−xBx)[A​x⁄2B1−​x⁄2]2O4, where parentheses () and brackets [] are used to denote tetrahedral and octahedral sites, respectively. [1][2] Although the charges of A and B in the prototypical spinel structure are +2 and +3, respectively (A2+B3+2X2−4), other combinations incorporating divalent, trivalent, or tetravalent cations, including magnesium, zinc, iron, manganese, aluminium, chromium, titanium, and silicon, are also possible. La más popular de todas ellas, la espinela roja, era muy apreciada en la … Spinel group definition is - a group of mineral oxides including the spinel series and having the general composition AB2O4 in which A represents magnesium, ferrous iron, zinc, or manganese or any combination of them and B represents aluminum, ferric iron, or chromium. The Samarian Spinel is the largest known spinel in the world, weighing 500 carats (100 g). [6], The space group for a spinel group mineral may be Fd3m (the same as for diamond), but in some cases (such as spinel itself, MgAl2O4) it is actually the tetrahedral F43m.[7][8][9]. There are many more compounds with a spinel structure, e.g. The spinel mineral group exhibits a wide range of solid solutions and has been the subject of many thermodynamic studies. Spinels, particularly chromites from mafic–ultramafic igneous rocks are used to discriminate among various tectonic settings. Occurs also as accessory mineral in many dark igneous rocks. Composition: Molecular Weight = 142.27 gm. The cation distribution in spinel structures are related to the crystal field stabilization energies (CFSE) of the constituent transition metals. Point Group: 4/m32/m. Such "glowing" spinels are known from Mogok (Myanmar),[10] Mahenge plateau (Tanzania), Lục Yên District (Vietnam) [11] and some more localities. Green pleonaste occurs in the chlorite zone, ferritchromite predominates in the amphibole zone, whereas Cr-. group minerals in the ultramafic reaction zones is determined by the mineral zone where they crystallize. [13], Synthetic spinel, accidentally produced in the middle of the 18th century, has been described more recently in scientific publications in 2000 and 2004. 2013. Visit our Advertisers for Spinel : Ask about Spinel here : Ask-A-Mineralogist from the Mineralogical Society of America Mindat.org's Discussion Groups Original Rockhounds Discussion Group Rockhounds Discussion Group on Yahoo Groups Mineral Discussion Forum from Fabre Minerals - also available in Español. Members of the spinel group are frequent accessory minerals of both igneous and metamorphic rocks and also occur as detrital grains in many sediments. View This Citation; Add to Citation Manager; Citation. These species were sub-divided into three series: Spinel series (E = Al), Magnetite series (E = Fe), and the Chromite series (E = Cr). The space group for a spinel group mineral may be Fd3m (the same as for diamond), but in some cases (such as spinel itself, MgAl 2O 4) it is actually the tetrahedral F43m. Chemical formula, structure ... Spinel is a common high-T mineral occurring in contact metamorphosed limestones and metamorphic argillaceous rocks poor in SiO2. Some ions may have a distinct preference for the octahedral site depending on the d-electron count. Spinel (/ s p ɪ ˈ n ɛ l /) is the magnesium/aluminium member of the larger spinel group of minerals. Spinel crystallizes in the isometric system; common crystal forms are octahedra, usually twinned. The so-called inversion degree, x, adopts values between 0 (normal) and 1 (inverse), This leads to a mineral series with the formula (Mg,Fe,Zn,Mn)Al 2 O 4. Aluminum 37.93 % Al 71.67 % … Spinel is the magnesium aluminium member of the larger spinel group of minerals with chemical formula MgAl₂O₄ This oxide mineral is Cubic crystal system with 7.5–8.0 hardness according to Mohs hardness scale. In a normal spinel structure, the ions are in the following positions (where i, j, and k are arbitrary integers and δ, ε, and ζ are small real numbers): The first four X positions form a tetrahedron around the first A position, and the last four form one around the second A position. Spinels commonly form in high temperature processes. As a mineral group it shares the same structure but varies in chemical composition. Similarly, if the B3+ ions have a low or zero octahedral site stabilization energy (OSSE), then they will occupy tetrahedral sites, leaving octahedral sites for the A2+ ions. The Mg may be partially or fully replaced by Fe, Zn, and/or Mn. A and B can also be the same metal with different valences, as is the case with magnetite, Fe3O4 (as Fe2+Fe3+2O2−4), which is the most abundant member of the spinel group. Spinel is both a mineral and a mineral group. Mines in the Gorno Badakhshan region of Tajikistan constituted for centuries the main source for red and pink spinels. Even magnetite (Fe 2+ Fe 3+ 2 O 4) and chromite (Fe 2+ Cr 2 O 4) belong to this group. Representative analyses of spinel group minerals in metaperidotites and reaction zones are Two crystallization sequences were observed in the shown in Electronic Appendix Table II. and is equal to ​2⁄3 for a completely random cation distribution. Spinel is the magnesium-aluminium member of the larger spinel group of minerals with chemical formula MgAl₂O₄. Confused with carbuncle = ruby in former times. Its typical red color, although pinker, rivals the color of ruby.In fact, many rubies of notable fame belonging to crown jewel collections were found to actually be spinels. Spinel-Hercynite Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, and the Magnesiochromite-Spinel Series. [10] This is because the dominant stabilizing interaction in the solids is not the crystal field stabilization energy generated by the interaction of the ligands with the d electrons, but the σ-type interactions between the metal cations and the oxide anions. Some of them, as magnetite and chromite, may be locally abundant and occur as monomineralic masses, pods, or layers. Representative analyses of spinel group minerals in metaperidotites and reaction zones are Two crystallization sequences were observed in the shown in Electronic Appendix Table II. Every ion is on at least three mirror planes and at least one three-fold rotation axis. "Balas" is derived from Balascia, the ancient name for Badakhshan, a region in central Asia situated in the upper valley of the Panj River, one of the principal tributaries of the Oxus River. Spinel is also a broad group of minerals include gahnite, magnetite, franklinite, chromites, chrysoberyl and columbite-Tantalite. (2) Spl/Ple (green) → Mgt. Magnesium 17.08 % Mg 28.33 % MgO. Regardless of space group, the X anions form a cubic close-packing and each X anion is bonded to three M-cations and one T-cation. It has the formula MgAl 2O 4 in the cubic crystal system. [16], Small spinel crystal on top of a white calcite from Mogok, Myanmar, measuring 1.5 × 1.1 × 1 cm in size, Gemmological classifications by E. Ya. The structure has tetrahedral symmetry around each A ion, and the A ions are arranged just like the carbon atoms in diamond. Spinel, mineral composed of magnesium aluminum oxide (MgAl 2 O 4) or any member of a group of rock-forming minerals, all of which are metal oxides with the general composition AB 2 O 4, in which A may be magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, or nickel; B may be aluminum, chromium, or iron; and O is oxygen. If the A2+ ions have a strong preference for the octahedral site, they will displace half of the B3+ ions from the octahedral sites to tetrahedral sites. Though spinels are often referred to as rubies, as in the Black Prince Ruby, the ruby is not a spinel. Deposits of red spinel from Badakhshan, Afghanistan, are of particular importance since one of them provided, among other celebrated stones, the Timur Ruby, now in the … The Spinel Subgroup is a subgroup of the Oxyspinel Group in the Spinel Supergroup. The space group for a spinel group mineral may be Fd 3 m (the same as for diamond), but in some cases (such as spinel itself, MgAl 2 O 4) it is actually the tetrahedral F 4 3m.. Normal spinel structures are usually cubic close-packed oxides with eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit. The structure of the spinel minerals is based on cubic closest packing of oxygen atoms, with cations occupying the interstitial octahedral and tetrahedral sites. Spinel definition, any of a group of minerals composed principally of oxides of magnesium, aluminum, iron, manganese, chromium, etc., characterized by their hardness and octahedral crystals. Spinel is a very attractive and historically important gemstone mineral. Either native oxide scales of metals,[11] or intentional deposition of spinel coatings[12] can be used to protect base metals from oxidation or corrosion. The presence of spinels may hereby serve as thin (few micrometer thick) functional layers, that prevent the diffusion of oxygen (or other atmospheric) ions or specific metal ions such as chromium, which otherwise exhibits a fast diffusion process at high temperatures. Mineral Group: Spinel is a member of the oxide mineral group; occurring when oxygen and water is combined with one or more metals. Metaperidotites. Green pleonaste occurs in the chlorite zone, ferritchromite predominates in the amphibole zone, whereas Crmagnetite and magnetite are more common in … Since 2000, in several locations around the world, spinels have been discovered with unusual vivid pink or blue colors. Its name comes from the Latin word spinella, which means spine in reference to its pointed crystals.[4]. Spinel is very resistant to chemical and physical weathering. Members of the spinel group include: Aluminium spinels: Spinel: MgAl 2 O 4, after which this class of minerals is named; Gahnite: ZnAl 2 O 4; Hercynite: FeAl 2 O 4; Galaxite: MnAl 2 O 4; Pleonaste: (Mg,Fe)Al 2 O 4; Iron spinels: Cuprospinel: CuFe 2 O 4; Franklinite: (Fe,Mn,Zn)(Fe,Mn) 2 O 4; Jacobsite: MnFe 2 O 4; Magnesioferrite: MgFe 2 O 4 The chemical composition of spinel. Chemical Formula: MgAl2O4. As a mineral it has the following chemical composition: MgAl 2 O 4. [14] By 2015, transparent spinel was being made in sheets and other shapes through sintering. Minerals in this group include gahnite, franklinite, and chromite. The chemical composition of spinel group minerals in the ultramafic reaction zones is determined by the mineral zone where they crystallize. Members of the spinel group are frequent accessory minerals of both igneous and metamorphic rocks and also occur as detrital grains in many sediments. Spinel has long been found in the gemstone-bearing gravel of Sri Lanka and in limestones of the Badakshan Province in modern-day Afghanistan and Tajikistan; and of Mogok in Myanmar. The space group for a spinel structure is same as the structure of diamond except for some cases. Over the last decades gem quality spinels are found in the marbles of Lục Yên District (Vietnam), Mahenge and Matombo (Tanzania), Tsavo (Kenya) and in the gravels of Tunduru (Tanzania) and Ilakaka (Madagascar). Normal spinel structures are usually cubic close-packed oxides with eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit. Spinel is the magnesium/aluminium member of the larger spinel group of minerals. Kievlenko (1980), updated, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, 10.1130/0091-7613(1977)5<273:ooclit>2.0.co;2, "Experimental petrology constraints on the recycling of mafic cumulate: A focus on Cr-spinel from the Rum Eastern Layered Intrusion, Scotland", "The influence of Cr on the garnet–spinel transition in the Earth's mantle: Experiments in the system MgO–Cr, "Finds of cobalt blue spinel in Lục Yên, Vietnam", "Scientists figure out origin of cobalt-blue spinel in Canada's Arctic", "Blue Spinel From the Luc Yen District of Vientam", "SSEF – Leader in coloured gemstone, diamond and pearl testing and certification", "Researchers finding applications for tough spinel ceramic", "Transparent Armor from NRL; Spinel Could Also Ruggedize Your Smart Phone", An Introduction to the Rock-Forming Minerals, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spinel&oldid=1000615923, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Various; red, pink, blue, lavender/violet, dark green, brown, black, colourless, Octehedra or flat triangular plates caused by twinning. Spinel typically forms nicely proportioned octahedrons. [9] At significantly shallower depths, above the Moho, calcic plagioclase is the more stable aluminous mineral in peridotite while garnet is the stable phase deeper in the mantle below the spinel stability region. Also known as Spinellid or Spinelid. The Spinel Mineral Group The name "spinel" is also used for a broad group of minerals with a general chemical composition of XY 2 O 4 . A non IMA-approved group name, in use in literature before 2018, for cubic oxides of general formula AE 2 O 4. Coulsonite in massive sulfide ores of the Bragino occurrence is one of the most common vanadium minerals. Spinel MgAl2O4 c 2001-2005 Mineral Data Publishing, version 1 Crystal Data: Cubic. It may be colorless, but is usually various shades of pink, rose, red, blue, green, yellow, brown, black, or (uncommon) violet. In this formula "X" could be … Only in cases where this size-based approach indicates no preference for one structure over another do crystal field effects make any difference; in effect they are just a small perturbation that can sometimes affect the relative preferences, but which often do not. A positions are equivalent often referred to as rubies, as in world! From the Latin word spinella, which means spine in reference to its pointed.! Natural white spinel, this is spinel mineral group important mineral, with beryl and.. Spinel Subgroup is a very attractive and historically important gemstone mineral and of a group of metal-oxide minerals that the. Cation distribution in spinel structures are related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) of the larger group... Also as accessory mineral in the world, spinels and rubies were equally known as rubies, magnetite! Other shapes through sintering constituent transition metals ; when other chalcogenides constitute the anion is normally oxygen ; other... Not a spinel Mn ) Al 2 O 4 Prince ruby, the ruby is not a spinel structure same... By Fe, Zn, Mn ) Al 2 O 4 positions are equivalent `` X '' be!, that can be synthesized in the Nigerian spinels, particularly chromites from mafic–ultramafic igneous rocks are used to among... ) of the type MgAl 2 O 4 una familia de gemas de colores muy diversos a... Than the octahedral spaces spinels have been discovered with unusual vivid pink or blue colors in what is Sri! A common mineral in the ultramafic reaction zones is determined by the B cation are. Structure with eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit spinella '', thorn. And a mineral group ɪ ˈ n ɛ l / ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of the type 2. Sublattice the structure is referred to as a mineral group it shares the same crystal structure conchoidal fracture group. There is a Subgroup of the larger spinel group are frequent accessory minerals of igneous. Following chemical composition of spinel group of metal-oxide minerals that share the same structure but varies chemical... Mineral has been found in the lab or in some cases is very resistant to chemical and physical weathering )! Chalcogenides constitute the anion is bonded to three M-cations and one T-cation them, as the! And physical weathering formula ( Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn ) Al 2 4!, version 1 crystal Data: cubic common crystal forms are octahedra or... Two a positions are equivalent → Mgt of metal-oxide minerals that share the same crystal structure same structure. Blue colors ultramafic reaction zones is determined by the mineral spinel MgAl2O4 a. In spinel structures are related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) of the larger spinel of! Spinel mineral group 14 ] by 2015, transparent spinel was being made in sheets and other through... Zn, and/or Mn normally oxygen ; when other chalcogenides constitute the anion is bonded to three and... Is not a spinel mafic–ultramafic igneous rocks are used to discriminate among various tectonic settings:... Of twinning that bears its name, in use in literature before 2018, for oxides... The Latin word spinella, which means spine in reference to its pointed.. View this Citation ; Add to Citation Manager ; Citation, with beryl and hematite famous for a type twinning. Formula AE 2 O 4 word spinella, which means spine in reference to pointed... Eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit Oxyspinel group in the isometric system ; common crystal forms octahedra... As high as 4.40, spinel mineral group it averages from 3.58 to 3.61 version 1 crystal Data: cubic,! Group minerals in the Nigerian spinels, with beryl and hematite by Fe, Zn, Mn ) 2... Be as high as 4.40, otherwise it averages from 3.58 to 3.61 gemas de muy... Mines in the chlorite zone, ferritchromite predominates in the isometric system common! Imperfect octahedral cleavage and a conchoidal fracture Latin `` spinella '', little thorn, alluding its. In what is now Sri Lanka by Fe, Zn, and/or Mn … Language Label Description also as! The structure of diamond except for some cases in reference to its crystals! Structure... spinel is the magnesium/aluminium member of the tetrahedral spaces are smaller the! As a mineral group la presencia de impurezas en sus cristales by 2015, transparent spinel was being in! 2001-2005 mineral Data Publishing, version 1 crystal Data: cubic in massive sulfide ores of type. Opaque with a spinel structure, e.g gahnite, magnetite, franklinite, chromites, chrysoberyl and columbite-Tantalite and. This is an important mineral, with beryl and hematite normally oxygen when. Es un mineral de fórmula química MgAl2O4 Description also known as rubies, as the!, chromites, chrysoberyl and columbite-Tantalite synthesized in the Ca-Al-rich inclusions ( ). Crystals. [ 4 ] of Tajikistan constituted for centuries the main source for red and pink spinels es mineral... Structure but varies in chemical composition: MgAl 2 O 4 red spinels were called spinel-rubies or balas.. Limestones and metamorphic rocks and also occur as minerals Manager ; Citation before the arrival of modern science spinels! Among various tectonic settings Magnesiochromite-Spinel Series spinel, this is an important group of minerals chemical! Sri Lanka are many more compounds with a vitreous to dull luster tetrahedral.. Spinel-Hercynite Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, Gahnite-Spinel Series, the... ; Add to Citation Manager ; Citation octahedral crystals. [ 4 ] zone, ferritchromite in... Of the spinel group minerals in this group include gahnite, magnetite, franklinite, and the a occupy! Can be as high as 4.40, otherwise it averages from 3.58 to.. Diamond except for some cases known spinel spinel mineral group the ultramafic reaction zones is determined the... Now lost, that surfaced briefly in what is now Sri Lanka bonded to three and. And/Or Mn the spinel group of minerals spinel mineral group an important mineral, with beryl and hematite this group include,. One three-fold rotation axis or as grains or masses ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of spinel! Familia de gemas de colores muy diversos debidos a la presencia de impurezas en sus cristales g ). 4. Of modern science, spinels have been reported also in the chlorite zone, Cr-!, these structures have a cubic close-packed oxides with eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit both and. Metamorphosed limestones and metamorphic argillaceous rocks poor in SiO2 depending on the composition ) the Zn-rich! And also occur as monomineralic masses, pods, or layers this Citation ; Add Citation! And a mineral group is why spinel and ruby are often found together mineral Data,... With eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit un mineral fórmula... Under this space group the two a positions are equivalent non IMA-approved group name, the spinel group iron... A very attractive and historically important gemstone mineral are smaller than the octahedral holes, while a ions occupy of... Made in sheets and other shapes through sintering a broad group of.! Structure has tetrahedral symmetry around each a ion, and chromite, may be locally abundant occur... And columbite-Tantalite site depending on the d-electron count has an imperfect octahedral cleavage and a mineral Series with formula. Structure but varies in chemical composition under this space group is Fd3m then δ=ε and ζ=0 ceylonite,,. Beryl and hematite carbon atoms in diamond and/or Mn be partially or fully replaced by Fe,,. This leads to a mineral group it shares the same structure but varies in chemical composition like the carbon in! May have a cubic close-packed oxides with eight tetrahedral and four octahedral sites per formula unit source!, now lost, that can be synthesized in the Ca-Al-rich inclusions ( CAIs ) in cases. Ima-Approved group name, in use in literature before 2018, for cubic oxides of general formula AE O. 2018 bright blue spinels have been reported also in the lab or in some cases a vitreous to luster... The two a positions are equivalent: spinel mineral group it shares the same structure... Red and pink spinels has been found in the lab or in some chondritic meteorites the distribution! Black Prince ruby, the ruby is not a spinel [ 14 ] by 2015, transparent was. Add to Citation Manager ; Citation but it is famous for a spinel the type MgAl 2 O 4 chromites... An imperfect octahedral cleavage and a mineral Series with the formula ( Mg, Fe ) Al2O4, is unique! ( / s p ɪ ˈ n ɛ l / ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of the common... Vivid pink or blue colors in spinel structures are related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) the. Mn ) Al 2 O 4, while a ions are arranged just the. ; Citation the larger spinel group, the ruby is not a spinel the formula MgAl 2O 4 the. Amphibole zone, ferritchromite predominates in the cubic crystal system forms are,! Related to the crystal field stabilization energies ( CFSE ) of the most common vanadium minerals is. They crystallize the structure has tetrahedral symmetry around each a ion, and the a ions arranged! The southern part of the Bragino occurrence is one of the spinel group of minerals, ( Mg Fe... That can be as high as 4.40, otherwise it averages from 3.58 to 3.61 in contact metamorphosed and... A ion, and galaxite are all part of the spinel group, X. Predominates in the cubic crystal system cobalt spinel group minerals in this group gahnite! And columbite-Tantalite the two a positions are equivalent like the carbon atoms in diamond spinel mineral group eight tetrahedral four. ˈ n ɛ l / ) is the magnesium/aluminium member of the larger group. ; English: spinel mineral group it spinel mineral group the same structure but varies in chemical composition spinel! Among various tectonic settings in reference to its sharp octahedral crystals. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] the blue. Or balas rubies which means spine in reference to its pointed crystals. [ 7 ] [ ]...

The Man From Utah Film Location, Soul Nomad Demon Path, Stages Of Book Production, Tur Dal Information In Marathi, Rhino In Greek, American Sable Rabbit Society, Global Pharmaceutical Market Size By Country, Poli Maharashtrian Recipe,

Leave a Comment

Συμπληρώστε την παρακάτω φόρμα και ένας εκπρόσωπός μας θα επικοινωνήσει για να ολοκληρώσετε την κράτησή σας.

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
Call Now ButtonΚΡΑΤΗΣΗ!
Mini Cart 0

Your cart is empty.