We, the police, look upon women in prostitution as a group at risk. It originated in Sweden in 1999 and is currently in place in Sweden, Norway, Iceland, France, Ireland, Northern Ireland and Canada. §§ 1589–1595(2000)). Our prostitution teams consist of both police officers and social workers. A term that appeared in the debates and has since become popularised is ‘Swedish Model’ or "Den Svenska Modellen", a term long used to describe foreigner's perception of the Swedish way of doing things, and in particular the paternalist welfare state that arose in the 1930s. Beginning in July 2007, all foreign victims of trafficking were granted temporary residence permits for a minimum 30-day reflection period to consider whether to cooperate with law enforcement. It is therefore important that the women are not criminalized and subjected to any harassment and punishment. Finally! Students at the Police Academy are also given access to training on prostitution and human trafficking-related legislation and policies, awareness-raising and effective investigation methods. Initially, the maximum sentence for paying for sex was six months imprisonment. GENERAL INFORMATION- SITUATION ON TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS Sweden is mainly a country of destination for victims of sexual exploitation, forced labour, forced criminality and forced begging. • We (the police), will ruin their (the buyer’s) marriage. Hence, the National Rapporteur’s most important task is to monitor, analyze and present comparative data about the state of trafficking in human beings within and to Sweden, and to evaluate the effectiveness of law enforcement actions as well as legal, policy and practical measures and initiatives. ... concerning trafficking in human beings. On July 2, 2010, the Chancellor of Justice presented the Special Inquiry report to the Government.  However, is this the approach law enforcement should be taking? In 1998, the Swedish Government appointed the Swedish Police Authority as National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings. The effective delivery of support and exiting services for women exploited through the sex trade is essential to realizing the objectives of the Sex Purchase Act. There can be evidentiary problems, but almost half of the offenses reported have been linked to an individual, meaning that a decision has been made to bring charges, impose a summary fine or grant a waiver of prosecution.  See Who’s a Victim of Human Sex Trafficking?, Associated Press, Sept. 3, 2013, available at http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=218531138. 2000. 1655, 1718 (2010). After a brief introduction to prostitution and prostitution-related human trafficking, the paper zooms in on the Dutch situation. Normative effects and implementation go hand in hand. Sweden is held up as a model for European reform on prostitution law. Chasing the buyers lead us to the victims and the traffickers. Program on Human Trafficking and Forced Labor . Often, women and children are forced into sexual exploitation and occasionally, people are sold as slaves for plantations. The Swedish Platform Civil Society Against Human Trafficking runs, since 2015, a National Support Program (NSP) that grant accredited service providers that live up to certain minimum standards funding for supporting and protecting victims of human trafficking. With fewer clients to choose from, prostitutes may be more inclined to accept customers who seem dangerous, and they may also agree to riskier sexual activity, putting themselves at greater risk of disease. Instead, parliament prioritised sex workers’ rights and listened to the voices of … P.A. The profit from human trafficking is also reduced due to these factors. It is also a criminal offense to attempt to pay for sex and to pay for sex on behalf of another person. At the time, knowledge about the scale, forms and consequences of this heinous crime was limited, in the EU as well as in Sweden. Center for Human Rights & Humanitarian Law . New Governance, Negotiation, and Expert Rule, Guilty Before Trial: A Comparison of American and Spanish Juries and their Treatment of Pretrial Publicity, Online Symposium 2018 – Interpersonal Human Rights, Music You Love: Harmonizing Music Streaming and International Copyright Law, Renegotiation or Withdrawal: The Trump Administration’s Stance on NAFTA. But see Heiges, supra note 9, at 459 (citing statistics indicating the number of prostitutes in Sweden decreased by 50% in two years, while the number of men purchasing sex dropped by 75%). The National Rapporteur also represents Sweden at meetings of regional and international law enforcement bodies and cooperation schemes, including as a member of the European Commission Network of National Rapporteurs. While not all commercial sex is forced or is trafficking, proponents of the Swedish model and efforts to address demand argue that such efforts will afford protections to …  See 2013 State Ratings on Human Trafficking Laws, Polaris Project, http://www.polarisproject.org/what-we-do/policy-advocacy/national-policy/state-ratings-on-human-trafficking-laws (last visited Sept. 25, 2013) (rating state anti-trafficking laws and noting that “[thirty-nine] states passed new laws to fight human trafficking in the past year”). Swedish model to combat human trafficking, which addresses the demand side of the trafficking equation by criminalizing the purchasing of sex.  See Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, Pub. 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